Wifi robot vehicle controlled by PIC16F628A

Wifi robot


Wifi Robot: A remote control car that can be driven over the internet or with a laptop wirelessly from up to 500m away. It has a live-feed network camera so that it can be driven without line of sight and a horn so that you can honk at people.

Wifi robot

A while ago I discovered the Linksys WRT54GL router. It’s very hacker-friendly in that it runs Linux and some of the hardware has been reverse engineered. A bunch of alternative firmware versions have been written for this router. The version that this project uses is the customizable Linux firmware Open-WRT. Along with great software for this router, a bunch of hardware hacks are possible. With a cheap, hackable, embedded Linux system at my disposal — I knew I had to do something cool with it. So the Wifi Robot idea was born.

The goal of this article is to give a high-level overview of the project and provide some implementation details of the software and electronics. It is not meant to be a step-by-step how-to guide, but there should be enough information for someone with motivation and some background knowledge in electronics and software to be able to make their own Wifi Robot. All of the source code is being released under the terms of the GNU GPL v2, so by all means, use the code, and improve it!


Adding a network camera, router, heavier batteries, extra circuits, and a whole bunch of wires adds a lot of extra weight that the car wasn’t designed for. Because of all of the additions, you’ll need to find a pretty large RC car. Thrift stores often sell RC vehicles (without remotes!) for $3-5. I have bought a number of cars this way for taking apart. Vehicles in the 1:10 size ratio or bigger are appropriate; you probably don’t want to go any smaller. I bought this car for $5 at Value Village.


I’ve modified my WRT54GL to have 2 serial ports and a 1GB SD Card (acts like a 1GB hard drive). The SD card is not used in this project, but one of the serial ports is. One is a console port, the other is TTS/1 which we will be using. For this project I’m using Open-WRT White Russian v0.9. There are more recent versions, but we don’t need the latest-and-greatest software features for this project. The software compilation guide (details later) uses this distribution, so that is why I chose it.

Later in the article links and information are given that can help you wire up your serial ports and get them working.

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