Voice-Controlled Home Automation System Using Arduino

Circuit diagram


This is a project for a voice controlled home automation system to control appliances with your voice through an Android app. An Arduino Mega board is used for controlling the relay through which an appliance is switched on/off. You can modify the Android app to add more functions.

First, download Bluetalk app and install it on your Android phone. Screenshot of Bluetalk app is shown in Fig. 1. Block diagram of the voice-controlled home automation system is shown in Fig. 2.

Screenshot of Bluetalk app

Screenshot of Bluetalk app

Block diagram

Block diagram of the voice-controlled home automation system

Circuit and working of the voice controlled home automation system

Circuit diagram of the voice-controlled home automation system is shown in Fig. 3. The circuit consists of Arduino Mega 2560 board (Board1) for comparing the input string received through Bluetooth with the stored string to give output to digital pin 6 of Board1 to control the relay.

Circuit diagram

Circuit diagram of the voice-controlled home automation system

Bluetooth module HC-05 transmits and also receives data serially via Board1 that can be read by the microcontroller (MCU). A relay is used here to control only one appliance, though you can use a multichannel relay board to control multiple appliances. Mega 2560 has 54 digital pins, each of which can be used to control an appliance. The MCU can be programmed to compare the relative strings (speech).


parts list

There are two software programs used in this project. One is Arduino sketch (Bluetalk.ino) for the MCU and the other is Android app (Bluetalk.apk).

Arduino IDE is used for programming the MCU. For developing Android app, MIT App Inventor is used, as it is easier to use as compared to Android SDK. MIT App Inventor is good for hobby projects and DIY enthusiasts to create small apps for their project-specific use.

Bluetalk.apk app uses Google’s speech-recognition function and transmits the text to the MCU via the connected Bluetooth (HC-05). The .apk code can be read by importing Bluetalk.aia file in MIT App Inventor. Both .apk and .aia files can be downloaded from the source folder present at the end of the article.

Install Arduino IDE (v1.6.9) in your PC and connect Arduino board (here, Arduino Mega is used but we can use any other Arduino board) to the PC with the help of a serial cable. Choose correct serial COM port of the board and then upload the sketch to the MCU. Disconnect the serial cable from Arduino board and connect to the relay and Bluetooth module HC-05.

Again connect Arduino board to the PC via a serial cable. An LED (not shown here) on Bluetooth module will start blinking rapidly, which means it is not connected. Once HC-05 module is connected via the smartphone, the LED will blink just twice after some delay.

Now, say something on the smartphone and check data on the serial monitor of Arduino IDE. After confirming that you are receiving data from HC-05 module, you are good to go. Make sure you select the appropriate baud rate (9600 here). Next, disconnect the serial cable and connect the relay to the appliance as shown in the circuit diagram.

Construction and testing

An actual-size, single-side PCB pattern of the voice-controlled home automation circuit is shown in Fig. 4 and its component layout in Fig. 5.

Actual size PCB pattern

Actual-size PCB pattern of the home automation system

Component layout of the PCB

Component layout of the PCB

Assemble the circuit on the PCB to minimise time and assembly errors. CON1 is used to connect HC-05 module, CON2 and CON3 are 2-pin connectors used to connect 230V AC mains and load (bulb), respectively. CON4 is used to connect Arduino board (Board1).

Power on Arduino board using a 9V DC battery (or any USB 5V DC power supply) to enjoy wireless control of your home appliances via speech. Upload Bluetalk.ino sketch into Arduino board and install Bluetalk.apk on your Android phone.

Author’s prototype 1 1

Author’s prototype

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