At the heart of this circuit is a precision integrated temperature sensor, LM35 (IC1), which provides an accurate linear and directly proportional output in mV, from 0 to +155 degrees C. Designed to draw a minimal current of its own, the LM35 has very low self heating in still air. Here the output of the LM35 is applied to the non-inverting input of a comparator wired around a CA3130 opamp (IC2). A voltage divider network R3-P1 sets the threshold voltage, at the inverting input of the opamp. The threshold voltage determines the adjustable temperature trip level at which the circuit is activated.
When the measured temperature exceeds the user-defined level, the comparator pulls its output High to approx. 2.2 V causing transistor T1 to be forward biased instantly. T2 is also switched on, supplying the oscillator circuit around IC3 with sufficient voltage to start working.
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